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Types of congenital cataract

Here are images of some of the different types of congenital cataracts.

We would like to thank Professor Chris Lloyd, consultant paediatric ophthalmologist at the Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children (GOSH) in London for providing all the images displayed in this page.

Anterior polar cataract

Cerulean blue dot cataract

Numerous blue dot-like materials arranged in a circular pattern at the centre of the lens.

Congenital nuclear cataract

Lamellar cataract

Posterior polar cataract

A small dense opacity at the centre of the lens. There iris (coloured bit of the eye) is under-developed, typical of aniridia.
Posterior polar cataract in a patient with aniridia due to mutations in PAX6

Posterior sub-capsular cataract

A small greyish opacity at the back surface of the lens.

Pulverulent cataract

Diffuse dot-like opacities occupying most of the lens.

Sutural cataract

A white coloured opacity shaped like a Mercedes-Benz logo situated in the middle of the lens.
Updated on November 24, 2020
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